The Royal Canadian Mint is the official national mint of Canada, sanctioned by Elizabeth II of England. The Royal Canadian Mint is best known for its production of Gold Maple Leaf bullion coins, which are the official bullion coins of Canada. Being among the finest gold bullion coins in the world, the Maple Leaf has a fineness of 999.9, with some special editions being as fine as 999.99. First issued by the Royal Canadian Mint in 1979, it was introduced at a time when the only other bullion coin, the Krugerrand, was not widely available due to the economic boycott of Apartheid-era South Africa. Since then its popularity has grown exponentially, making it one of the world’s most popular refineries.